Community Based Tourism Development
Nomad Centered, Village and Regional – Culture, Eco and Adventure Tourism Development
I was born in a small fishing village called Petersburg, Alaska that roughly has a population of a few thousand people and then later grew up in Juneau the capital city of Alaska (74% Government, 25% Tourism and 1% Private Sector) that has a local population of 30,000 that jumps up in massively for several months out the year. Imagine having a small city with numerous international cruise ships anchored (Princess Cruise, etc.), private and public yachts, Alaskan Marine Highway Ferries, domestic airline carriers, etc., all bring in thousands upon thousands of international travelers per day to your small city. Its a common practice for non-local businesses to be established hand-in-hand with local operators, it is also common for both to have positive and negative influences on the local culture, environment, businesses, etc., and in addition to the tourism industry, other industries also make use of the short lived summer season that also have impacts i.e. mining, fishing, hunting, and so on.
When working in the tourism industry, regardless if its at the community, regional and national level, the certain applicable frameworks and methodology have to remain constant i.e. cultural, historical and environmental core sampling to better understand the approach one uses within region that you are developing as well as custom developing methods to advance the social economic supply and value chains. Until my internationally honor and awarded works within community based tourism, it was common practice to work within the fields of only culture, or only environment, etc., the concept of social economic supply and value chain approach for community based tourism develop did not exist. Today this tested and practice not only enhances traditional approaches to community based tourism development but more importantly allows for other industries to systematically engaged in regions more sustainably once multi-industry relations are developed and enhanced for the betterment of the region, its people, its wildlife, its environment, its culture, etc.
‘Core sampling’ and mapping supply/value chains provides an approach that allows multiple industries to work in harmony rather in negative competition against one another as a greater awareness between the industries is developed with the aim of bringing greater social economic opportunities to the localities. Though this brief explanation is just the “tip of the ice burg” explanation, it has been tested and tried for nearly 10 years throughout Mongolia and has been recognized and awarded by international organizations i.e. National Geographic Society, Ashoka’s Changemakers, Lonely Planet, UNESCAP, and more.